Antigua and Barbuda and its 66 important Details for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams

Antigua and Barbuda and its Details for UPSC

Antigua and Barbuda and its Details Like , Capital, GDP, Currency, Geography, Economy, Defence, Culture, Natural resources, Habitat, Sports and all you want to know for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams.

Flag of Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda and its Basic Details :

Name of the countryAntigua and Barbuda
CapitalSt. John’s
Independence dayNovember 1, 1981
Major religionsChristianity
CurrencyEastern Caribbean dollar (XCD)
ContinentNorth America
Top 5 Famous citiesSt. John’s, All Saints, Liberta, Bolands, Potters
Top 10 Famous personsSir Vere Cornwall Bird, Sir Lester Bird, V.C. Bird Jr., Baldwin Spencer, Gaston Browne, Molwyn Joseph, Robin Yearwood, Joanne Massiah, Asot Michael, Melford Nicholas
Type of governmentConstitutional monarchy
Main wars foughtAntigua Slave Conspiracy (1736), West Indies Campaign (World War II)
GDP$1.69 billion (2020)
5 popular tourist places1. English Harbour, 2. Nelson’s Dockyard, 3. Dickenson Bay, 4. Half Moon Bay, 5. Museum of Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda , Its Capital, Independence Day, Currency, Major religions, Continent, Top 5 Famous cities, Top 10 Famous persons, type of government, main wars fought, GDP, 5 popular tourist places.

Geography of Antigua and Barbuda :

Area (Sq. km)Antigua: 280 sq. km; Barbuda: 161 sq. km
PopulationApproximately 100,000 (as of recent estimates)
Main Mountain RangesShekerley Mountains, Boggy Peak, Signal Hill
Main RiversUrlings River, Christian River
Main LakesNone
Main Crops/VegetationSugarcane, cotton, fruits, vegetables
Main BeachesDickenson Bay, Half Moon Bay, Darkwood Beach
Neighboring CountriesNone (Island nation)
Nearby Sea/OceanAtlantic Ocean
Coastline LengthApproximately 153 km
Top 5 Natural ResourcesArable land, fish, renewable energy resources, tourism
Geography of the Antigua and Barbuda, Area in Square Kilometers, Population, 5 Main mountain range, 5 main mountain peeks, 5 Main Rivers, Main lakes, Deserts, plateau and Volcanoes, 5 Main Crops and vegetation, Main Beaches, Neighboring countries which share boundaries, Nearby Sea and oceans, length of Coast line, top 5 Natural resources.

Economy of Antigua and Barbuda :

Major IndustriesTourism, Financial Services, Agriculture
Revenue SourcesTourism, International Business, Agriculture
Top 10 CompaniesAntigua Commercial Bank, Digicel, Liat Airlines
Per Capita IncomeApproximately $17,000 (as of recent estimates)
Top 5 ImportsFood, Machinery, Chemicals, Fuel, Live Animals
Top 5 ExportsMachinery, Electronic Equipment, Beverages, Clothing
Total Gold ReservesNot a significant contributor to the economy
Economy of the Antigua and Barbuda, 5 Major Industries, 5 main revenue sources, top 10 Companies, Per capita income, Top 5 imports, Top 5 exports, Total Gold Reserves.

Defence Power of Antigua and Barbuda :

The Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force (ABDF) is the military organization responsible for safeguarding the sovereignty and security of Antigua and Barbuda, a small Caribbean nation. Established in 1981, the ABDF consists of ground, naval, and air units. Its primary role is to defend the country’s territorial integrity, support law enforcement, and assist in disaster relief efforts.

The ground forces include the Antigua and Barbuda Regiment, primarily focusing on infantry duties. The maritime component, the Antigua and Barbuda Coast Guard, ensures maritime security, conducts search and rescue operations, and combats illicit activities in territorial waters. The ABDF also maintains a small air wing for transport and reconnaissance purposes.

While relatively small in size, the Defence Force plays a vital role in maintaining internal security and responding to regional security concerns. It collaborates with international partners and participates in joint exercises to enhance its capabilities.

Defence BudgetNo data not available
Total active Defence Personnel240 Personnel only
Total Reserve Defence Personnel75 Personnel only
Defence of the Antigua and Barbuda, Size of Defence budget, Total number of Army Personals, Total Number of Air Force Personals, Total number of Navy Personals, Total Defence Imports, Total Defence Export.

Cultural of Antigua and Barbuda :

CultureRich blend of African, British, and indigenous influences
Main FestivalsCarnival, Antigua Sailing Week, Antigua Charter Yacht Show, Independence Day, Christmas Carnival
Religious PlacesSt. John’s Cathedral, St. Peter’s Anglican Church, Holy Family Cathedral, St. John the Divine Church, St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cathedral
Arts and DancesAntiguan Rhythm, Steelpan music, Antiguan calypso, Wadadli dancers, Caribbean rhythms
LanguagesEnglish (official), Antiguan Creole
Famous FoodFungi with Pepperpot, Ducana, Saltfish and Chop-up, Conch Fritters, Seafood delicacies
UNESCO BuildingsNelson’s Dockyard, Shirley Heights, Clarence House, Betty’s Hope, English Harbour
Cultural, 5 Main Festivals, 5 main religious places, main arts and Dances, Main Languages, Famous food and Cuisines, 5 UNSCO Protected Buildings.

Sports in Antigua and Barbuda :

National GameCricket
Main SportsCricket, Athletics, Soccer/Football, Sailing, Basketball
Top AthletesKaranja Mack (Football), Peter Byers (Football), Joella Lloyd (Track and Field), Gayson Gregory (Football)
Top Sports AchievementsPlayed the ICC Cricket World Cup in 2004 (U19), Multiple medals in CARIFTA Games (Athletics), Participation in Olympics (Various sports)
Sports of the Antigua and Barbuda, National Game, Main Sports, top athletes, Top Sports Achievements.

Natural Habitat and wild life of Antigua and Barbuda :

National AnimalFallow Deer
National BirdFrigate bird
Main ForestsNone (limited woodland areas)
Recognized Natural HabitatsFrigate Bird Sanctuary on Barbuda, Nelson’s Dockyard National Park, Codrington Lagoon National Park, Great Bird Island Bird Sanctuary
Natural Habitat and wild life of the Antigua and Barbuda, National Animal, National Bird, Main Forests, Main Recognized Natural Habitats for wild animals.

Biggest in the Antigua and Barbuda :

Biggest in the CountrySt. John’s, the capital city
Richest ManCalvin Edward Ayre
Biggest CompanyAntigua Commercial Bank
Tallest BuildingMount St. John’s (a new hospital)
Tallest StatueVC Bird statue (stands 10 meters (33 feet) tall, and depicts a besuited middle-aged Bird, who himself was 2.1 meters or seven feet tall)
Biggest BridgeDevil’s Bridge- Antigua 
Tallest MountainBoggy Peak (was renamed Mount Obama from 2009 to 2016)
Longest RiverAntigua and Barbuda does not have any permanent rivers.
Biggest ForestHansons Bay (Antigua) swamp
Biggest LakePotsworks Reservoir
Biggest in the Antigua and Barbuda, Richest Man, Biggest Company, Tallest Building, Tallest Statue, Biggest Bridge, Tallest Mountain, Longest River, Biggest Forest, Biggest Lake.

Brief History Of Antigua and Barbuda :

Overview of the history of Antigua and Barbuda:

Ancient Antigua and Barbuda:

The islands of Antigua and Barbuda were inhabited by the Siboney people around 2400 BC. Later, the Arawak and Carib tribes settled there around 1200 AD. Christopher Columbus arrived in 1493, naming the island Antigua after a church in Seville, Spain. The Caribs fiercely resisted European colonization for several centuries.

Medieval Period:

The islands saw intermittent attempts at colonization by the Spanish, French, and English. In 1632, the English established a permanent settlement on Antigua, followed by Barbuda in 1685. Sugar cultivation became the primary industry, leading to the importation of African slaves.

Modern Era:

The 18th century saw Antigua and Barbuda becoming valuable colonial assets for the British Empire. The islands were economically driven by sugar plantations using slave labor. In 1834, slavery was abolished, leading to a decline in the sugar industry. After the decline of sugar, the islands turned to other crops like cotton and pineapples.

Recent History:

Antigua and Barbuda gained independence from Britain in 1981, with Vere Bird becoming the first prime minister. The islands faced economic challenges post-independence, but tourism and financial services gradually emerged as major contributors to the economy. In 2009, Boggy Peak on Antigua was renamed Mount Obama to honor the U.S. President Barack Obama.

Present Day:

Today, Antigua and Barbuda thrive as a sovereign nation in the Caribbean. Tourism remains a cornerstone of the economy, attracting visitors to its beautiful beaches, historical sites, and vibrant culture. The country has also gained recognition as a hub for international financial services.

Throughout its history, Antigua and Barbuda have navigated through colonialism, slavery, and post-independence challenges to emerge as an independent nation with a unique blend of cultural influences and a promising economic future.

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