Angola and its 66 important Details for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams

Angola and its Details for UPSC

Angola and its Details Like , Capital, GDP, Currency, Geography, Economy, Defence, Culture, Natural resources, Habitat, Sports and all you want to know for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams.

Flag of Angola

Angola and its Basic Details :

Name of the countryAngola
Independence dayNovember 11, 1975
Major religionsChristianity, Indigenous beliefs
CurrencyAngolan Kwanza (AOA)
Top 5 Famous citiesLuanda, Huambo, Lobito, Benguela, Kuito
Top 10 Famous personsAgostinho Neto, José Eduardo dos Santos, Jonas Savimbi, Holden Roberto, António Agostinho Neto, Isabel dos Santos, José Eduardo dos Santos, Samakuva Isaías, Lopo do Nascimento, João Lourenço
Type of governmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
Main wars foughtAngolan War of Independence, Angolan Civil War
GDP$88.5 billion (2020)
5 popular tourist places1. Kissama National Park, 2. Benguela, 3. Dilolo Lake, 4. Iona National Park, 5. M’banza-Kongo
Angola , Its Capital, Independence Day, Currency, Major religions, Continent, Top 5 Famous cities, Top 10 Famous persons, type of government, main wars fought, GDP, 5 popular tourist places

Geography of Angola :

GeographyLocated in southwestern Africa
AreaApproximately 1.25 million square kilometers
PopulationOver 30 million people (as of last estimate)
Main Mountain RangesSerra da Chela, Chela Range, Chiumbe Range, Humpata Range, Serra da Leba
Main Mountain PeaksMount Moco, Mount Soqueco, Mount Navil, Mount Calandula, Tundavala
Main RiversCuanza River, Cunene River, Cuando River, Longa River, Cuango River
Main LakesLake Dilolo, Lake Amalia, Lake Arco, Lake Chipembe, Lake Dilanda
DesertsNamib Desert (partial extension), Desert of Bicuar
PlateauPlanalto Plateau
VolcanoesNo active volcanoes
Main Crops and VegetationCoffee, Corn, Cotton, Cassava, Tobacco
Main BeachesMussulo Island Beach, Palmeirinhas Beach, Praia Morena, Baia Azul Beach, Praia da Caota
Neighboring CountriesNamibia, Zambia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo
Nearby Seas and OceansAtlantic Ocean
Length of CoastlineApproximately 1,600 kilometers
Top 5 Natural ResourcesPetroleum, Diamonds, Iron Ore, Phosphates, Copper
Geography of the Angola, Area in Square Kilometers, Population, 5 Main mountain range, 5 main mountain peeks, 5 Main Rivers, Main lakes, Deserts, plateau and Volcanoes, 5 Main Crops and vegetation, Main Beaches, Neighbouring countries which share boundaries, Nearby Sea and oceans, length of Coast line, top 5 Natural resources.

Economy of Angola :

Major IndustriesPetroleum, Diamonds, Mining, Agriculture, Fisheries
Main Revenue SourcesOil exports, Diamonds, Agriculture exports, Tax revenues, Foreign aid
Top 10 CompaniesSonangol, Endiama, Chevron, BP, Total, ExxonMobil, De Beers, Eni, Chevron, Glencore
Per Capita IncomeVaries significantly across regions and socioeconomic groups
Top 5 ImportsMachinery, Vehicles, Electronics, Pharmaceuticals, Iron and Steel
Top 5 ExportsCrude Oil, Diamonds, Refined Petroleum, Coffee, Fish
Total Gold ReservesSignificant but exact figures may vary
Economy of the Angola, 5 Major Industries, 5 main revenue sources, top 10 Companies, Per capita income, Top 5 imports, Top 5 exports, Total Gold Reserves.

Defence Power of Angola :

Defence Budget$1.2 billion (in 2022)
Army PersonnelApproximately 117,000 (as of 2018)
Air Force Personnel6,000
Navy PersonnelApproximately 1,000
Defence Imports$46,000,000 (in 2022, SIPRI trend indicator value)
Defence ExportsApproximately negligible
Defence of the Angola, Size of Defence budget, Total number of Army Personals, Total Number of Air Force Personals, Total number of Navy Personals, Total Defence Imports, Total Defence Export.

Cultural of Angola :

Main FestivalsLuanda Island Festival, Festas da Cidade de Benguela, Sumbe Cultural Week, Carnival of Luanda, Ngola Festival
Main Religious PlacesRoman Catholic Cathedral of Luanda, Grande Sinagoga de Luanda, Mosque of Luanda, Church of the Holy Spirit, Kalandula Falls Shrine
Main Arts and DancesKizomba, Semba, Rebita, Kuduro, Masemba
Main LanguagesPortuguese (Official), Umbundu, Kikongo, Kimbundu, Tchokwe
Famous Food and CuisinesMuamba de galinha (Chicken Muamba), Moamba de galinha, Calulu, Funge, Mufete
UNESCO Protected BuildingsMbanza Kongo, Ruins of the Old City of M’banza-Kongo, Cidade Velha de Kilwa, M’banza Congo, Ruins of Kulumbimbi
Cultural, 5 Main Festivals, 5 main religious places, main arts and Dances, Main Languages, Famous food and Cuisines, 5 UNSCO Protected Buildings.

Sports in Angola :

National GameSoccer
Main SportsSoccer, Basketball, Handball, Athletics, Volleyball
Top AthletesFabrice Alcebiades Maieco (football player), Flávio da Silva Amado (football player), Hélder Wander Sousa de Azevedo Costa (football player), Núrio Domingos Matias Fortuna (football player).
Top Sports AchievementsThey have won the FIBA Africa Championship for Women twice, in 2003 and 2011. Angola has produced some of the best basketball players in the world, such as former NBA player, Carlos Morais. In athletics, Angola has won several medals at the Olympic Games, including gold medals in the 400m and 800m in 2004.
Sports of the Angola, National Game, Main Sports, top athletes, Top Sports Achievements.

Natural Habitat and wild life of Angola :

National AnimalGiant Sable Antelope
National BirdRed-crested Turaco
Main ForestsMaiombe Forest, Cabinda; Mavinga, Cuando Cubango; Chimalavera, Uige; Luanda Forests
Recognized Natural HabitatsKissama National Park, Iona National Park, Quiçama National Park, Cangandala National Park, Cameia National Park
Natural Habitat and wild life of the Angola, National Animal, National Bird, Main Forests, Main Recognized Natural Habitats for wild animals.

Biggest in the Angola :

BiggestKissama National Park
Richest ManIsabel dos Santos
Biggest CompanySonangol (Angolan state-owned petroleum company)
Tallest BuildingAngolan Parliament Building
Tallest StatueAgostinho Neto’s Mausoleum Monument
Biggest BridgeCatumbela Bridge
Tallest MountainMount Moco
Longest RiverCongo River
Biggest ForestMaiombe Forest
Biggest LakeDilolo Lake
Biggest in the Angola, Richest Man, Biggest Company, Tallest Building, Tallest Statue, Biggest Bridge, Tallest Mountain, Longest River, Biggest Forest, Biggest Lake.

Brief History Of Angola :

Historical overview of Angola across different periods:

Ancient Angola:

Ancient Angola’s history is marked by the presence of various Bantu-speaking groups, with the earliest evidence of human settlements dating back thousands of years. Tribes like the Khoisan people inhabited the region long before the Bantu migrations. The territory was divided into different kingdoms and chiefdoms, such as the Kingdom of Kongo, Ndongo, and others. These societies engaged in trade, agriculture, and ironworking.

Medieval Period:

During the medieval era, the Kingdom of Kongo was a significant force in the region. It was known for its trade networks and cultural achievements. Portuguese explorers arrived in the late 15th century and established trade relations. In the 16th century, Angola became a Portuguese colony as the Portuguese expanded their influence inland from coastal trading posts.

Modern Era:

By the late 19th century, Portugal consolidated control over Angola and exploited its resources, primarily through forced labor in plantations and mines. There was resistance to Portuguese rule, notably the Angolan War of Independence (1961-1974), a prolonged struggle against colonialism.

Recent History:

Angola gained independence on November 11, 1975, following the Carnation Revolution in Portugal. However, it plunged into a civil war that lasted until 2002. The conflict involved various factions, including the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), and the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA).

The civil war caused immense suffering and devastation, with millions displaced and infrastructure destroyed. In 2002, a peace agreement was reached, and Angola began its path to recovery. Since then, the country has worked on reconstruction efforts, focusing on economic development, social stability, and political reforms.

Throughout its history, Angola has faced challenges but continues to strive for progress and stability, aiming to build a more prosperous and unified nation.

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