Angola and its Details Like , Capital, GDP, Currency, Geography, Economy, Defence, Culture, Natural resources, Habitat, Sports and all you want to know for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams.
Angola and its Basic Details :
Name of the country
November 11, 1975
Christianity, Indigenous beliefs
Angolan Kwanza (AOA)
Top 5 Famous cities
Luanda, Huambo, Lobito, Benguela, Kuito
Top 10 Famous persons
Agostinho Neto, José Eduardo dos Santos, Jonas Savimbi, Holden Roberto, António Agostinho Neto, Isabel dos Santos, José Eduardo dos Santos, Samakuva Isaías, Lopo do Nascimento, João Lourenço
Type of government
Unitary dominant-party presidential republic
Main wars fought
Angolan War of Independence, Angolan Civil War
$88.5 billion (2020)
5 popular tourist places
1. Kissama National Park, 2. Benguela, 3. Dilolo Lake, 4. Iona National Park, 5. M’banza-Kongo
Angola , Its Capital, Independence Day, Currency, Major religions, Continent, Top 5 Famous cities, Top 10 Famous persons, type of government, main wars fought, GDP, 5 popular tourist places
Geography of Angola :
Located in southwestern Africa
Approximately 1.25 million square kilometers
Over 30 million people (as of last estimate)
Main Mountain Ranges
Serra da Chela, Chela Range, Chiumbe Range, Humpata Range, Serra da Leba
Main Mountain Peaks
Mount Moco, Mount Soqueco, Mount Navil, Mount Calandula, Tundavala
Cuanza River, Cunene River, Cuando River, Longa River, Cuango River
Lake Dilolo, Lake Amalia, Lake Arco, Lake Chipembe, Lake Dilanda
Namib Desert (partial extension), Desert of Bicuar
No active volcanoes
Main Crops and Vegetation
Coffee, Corn, Cotton, Cassava, Tobacco
Mussulo Island Beach, Palmeirinhas Beach, Praia Morena, Baia Azul Beach, Praia da Caota
Namibia, Zambia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo
Nearby Seas and Oceans
Length of Coastline
Approximately 1,600 kilometers
Top 5 Natural Resources
Petroleum, Diamonds, Iron Ore, Phosphates, Copper
Geography of the Angola, Area in Square Kilometers, Population, 5 Main mountain range, 5 main mountain peeks, 5 Main Rivers, Main lakes, Deserts, plateau and Volcanoes, 5 Main Crops and vegetation, Main Beaches, Neighbouring countries which share boundaries, Nearby Sea and oceans, length of Coast line, top 5 Natural resources.
Fabrice Alcebiades Maieco (football player), Flávio da Silva Amado (football player), Hélder Wander Sousa de Azevedo Costa (football player), Núrio Domingos Matias Fortuna (football player).
Top Sports Achievements
They have won the FIBA Africa Championship for Women twice, in 2003 and 2011. Angola has produced some of the best basketball players in the world, such as former NBA player, Carlos Morais. In athletics, Angola has won several medals at the Olympic Games, including gold medals in the 400m and 800m in 2004.
Sports of the Angola, National Game, Main Sports, top athletes, Top Sports Achievements.
Natural Habitat and wild life of Angola :
Giant Sable Antelope
Maiombe Forest, Cabinda; Mavinga, Cuando Cubango; Chimalavera, Uige; Luanda Forests
Recognized Natural Habitats
Kissama National Park, Iona National Park, Quiçama National Park, Cangandala National Park, Cameia National Park
Natural Habitat and wild life of the Angola, National Animal, National Bird, Main Forests, Main Recognized Natural Habitats for wild animals.
Biggest in the Angola :
Kissama National Park
Isabel dos Santos
Sonangol (Angolan state-owned petroleum company)
Angolan Parliament Building
Agostinho Neto’s Mausoleum Monument
Biggest in the Angola, Richest Man, Biggest Company, Tallest Building, Tallest Statue, Biggest Bridge, Tallest Mountain, Longest River, Biggest Forest, Biggest Lake.
Brief History Of Angola :
Historical overview of Angola across different periods:
Ancient Angola’s history is marked by the presence of various Bantu-speaking groups, with the earliest evidence of human settlements dating back thousands of years. Tribes like the Khoisan people inhabited the region long before the Bantu migrations. The territory was divided into different kingdoms and chiefdoms, such as the Kingdom of Kongo, Ndongo, and others. These societies engaged in trade, agriculture, and ironworking.
During the medieval era, the Kingdom of Kongo was a significant force in the region. It was known for its trade networks and cultural achievements. Portuguese explorers arrived in the late 15th century and established trade relations. In the 16th century, Angola became a Portuguese colony as the Portuguese expanded their influence inland from coastal trading posts.
By the late 19th century, Portugal consolidated control over Angola and exploited its resources, primarily through forced labor in plantations and mines. There was resistance to Portuguese rule, notably the Angolan War of Independence (1961-1974), a prolonged struggle against colonialism.
Angola gained independence on November 11, 1975, following the Carnation Revolution in Portugal. However, it plunged into a civil war that lasted until 2002. The conflict involved various factions, including the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), and the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA).
The civil war caused immense suffering and devastation, with millions displaced and infrastructure destroyed. In 2002, a peace agreement was reached, and Angola began its path to recovery. Since then, the country has worked on reconstruction efforts, focusing on economic development, social stability, and political reforms.
Throughout its history, Angola has faced challenges but continues to strive for progress and stability, aiming to build a more prosperous and unified nation.