Argentina and its 66 important Details for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams

Argentina and its Details for UPSC

Argentina and its Details Like , Capital, GDP, Currency, Geography, Economy, Defence, Culture, Natural resources, Habitat, Sports and all you want to know for UPSC, PSC and Other Competitive Exams.

Flag of Argentina

Argentina and its Basic Details :

Name of the countryArgentina
CapitalBuenos Aires
Independence dayJuly 9, 1816
Major religionsRoman Catholicism
CurrencyArgentine Peso (ARS)
ContinentSouth America
Top 5 Famous citiesBuenos Aires, Córdoba, Rosario, Mendoza, San Miguel de Tucumán
Top 10 Famous personsDiego Maradona, Eva Perón, Lionel Messi, Che Guevara, Carlos Gardel, Juan Perón, Jorge Luis Borges, Pope Francis, René Favaloro, Gabriela Sabatini
Type of governmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
Main wars foughtWar of Independence, Cisplatine War, War of the Triple Alliance
GDP$350 billion (2021)
5 popular tourist places1. Iguazu Falls, 2. Perito Moreno Glacier, 3. Bariloche, 4. Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral, 5. Ushuaia
Argentina , Its Capital, Independence Day, Currency, Major religions, Continent, Top 5 Famous cities, Top 10 Famous persons, type of government, main wars fought, GDP, 5 popular tourist places.

Geography of Argentina :

Area2.78 million square kilometers
PopulationApproximately 45 million
Mountain RangesAndes, Sierras Pampeanas, Sierras de Cordoba, Patagonian Andes, Nevados de Chillán
Mountain PeaksAconcagua, Ojos del Salado, Monte Pissis, Cerro Bonete, Tupungato
RiversParaná, Uruguay, Paraguay, Colorado, Salado
LakesLake Argentino, Lake Buenos Aires, Nahuel Huapi, Lake Mar Chiquita, Lake Viedma
DesertsPatagonian Desert, Monte Desert, Calchaquí Valley
PlateausPuna, Mesopotamian Plateau, Patagonian Plateau
VolcanoesLanin, Copahue, Llullaillaco, Maipo, Tromen
Crops and VegetationSoybeans, Maize, Wheat, Sunflower, Barley
BeachesMar del Plata, Pinamar, Miramar, Las Grutas, Villa Gesell
Neighbouring CountriesBrazil, Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay
Nearby Sea and OceansAtlantic Ocean, South Atlantic Ocean
Coastline LengthApproximately 4,989 kilometers
Natural ResourcesPetroleum, Natural Gas, Minerals (Gold, Silver, Copper), Uranium, Lithium
Geography of the Argentina , Area in Square Kilometers, Population, 5 Main mountain range, 5 main mountain peeks, 5 Main Rivers, Main lakes, Deserts, plateau and Volcanoes, 5 Main Crops and vegetation, Main Beaches, Neighboring countries which share boundaries, Nearby Sea and oceans, length of Coast line, top 5 Natural resources.

Economy of Argentina :

Major IndustriesAgriculture, Mining, Manufacturing, Energy, Services
Revenue SourcesAgriculture, Industry, Services, Mining, Energy
Top 10 CompaniesYPF (Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales), Tenaris, Banco Macro, MercadoLibre, Telecom Argentina, Grupo Financiero Galicia, Cresud, Pampa Energía, BBVA Banco Frances, Transportadora de Gas del Sur
Per Capita IncomeApproximately $11,000 (as of recent estimates)
Top 5 ImportsMachinery, Vehicles, Electronics, Pharmaceuticals, Plastics
Top 5 ExportsAgricultural Products, Machinery, Vehicles, Chemicals, Mineral Fuels
Total Gold ReservesApproximately 61.7 tons
Economy of the Argentina , 5 Major Industries, 5 main revenue sources, top 10 Companies, Per capita income, Top 5 imports, Top 5 exports, Total Gold Reserves.

Defence Power of Argentina :

Defence BudgetApproximately $5 billion (as of recent data)
Army PersonnelAround 75,000
Air Force PersonnelApproximately 12,000
Navy PersonnelAround 18,000
Defence ImportsVaried and substantial
Defence ExportsLimited
Defence of the Argentina , Size of Defence budget, Total number of Army Personals, Total Number of Air Force Personals, Total number of Navy Personals, Total Defence Imports, Total Defence Export.

Cultural of Argentina :

Main FestivalsCarnival of Gualeguaychú, National Grape Harvest Festival, Buenos Aires Tango Festival, Fiesta Nacional de la Vendimia, Fiesta Nacional del Chamamé
Religious PlacesLujan Basilica, Salta Cathedral, La Recoleta Cemetery, Cordoba Cathedral, Notre Dame Cathedral in Buenos Aires
Arts and DancesTango, Folklore, Milonga, Zamba, Chacarera
Main LanguagesSpanish (Official), Italian, German, English, Indigenous Languages
Famous FoodAsado (Grilled Meat), Empanadas, Locro, Dulce de Leche, Mate
UNESCO BuildingsJesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba, Quebrada de Humahuaca, Iguazú National Park, Ischigualasto / Talampaya National Parks, Los Glaciares National Park
Cultural, 5 Main Festivals, 5 main religious places, main arts and Dances, Main Languages, Famous food and Cuisines, 5 UNSCO Protected Buildings.

Sports in Argentina :

National GamePato
Main SportsFootball (Soccer), Basketball, Rugby, Tennis, Field Hockey
Top AthletesLionel Messi (Football), Manu Ginobili (Basketball), Gabriela Sabatini (Tennis)
Top Sports AchievementsFIFA World Cup victories (Football), Davis Cup (Tennis), Olympic Medals (Various Sports)
Sports of the Argentina , National Game, Main Sports, top athletes, Top Sports Achievements.

Natural Habitat and wild life of Argentina :

National AnimalPuma (Puma concolor)
National BirdRufous Hornero (Furnarius rufus)
Main ForestsYungas, Chaco, Andean-Patagonian Forests, Espinal
Recognized Natural HabitatsIguazu National Park, Valdes Peninsula, Monte Leon National Park, Quebrada del Condorito National Park
Natural Habitat and wild life of the Argentina , National Animal, National Bird, Main Forests, Main Recognized Natural Habitats for wild animals.

Biggest in the Argentina :

Biggest in the CountryDescription
Buenos AiresThe capital city of Argentina.
Richest ManMarcos Galperin
Biggest CompanyMercado Libre Inc
Tallest BuildingAlvear Tower Puerto Madero – 235.2 m / 772 ft
Tallest StatueChrist the Redeemer of the Andes
Biggest BridgePuente Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Tallest MountainCerro Aconcagua
Longest RiverParaná River – 4,880 km
Biggest ForestThe Gran Chaco – spans about 650,000 sq. km
Biggest LakeLago Argentino
Biggest in the Argentina , Richest Man, Biggest Company, Tallest Building, Tallest Statue, Biggest Bridge, Tallest Mountain, Longest River, Biggest Forest, Biggest Lake.

Brief History Of Afghanistan :

Argentina’s history spans ancient indigenous cultures, European colonization, and modern democratic governance.

Ancient Argentina :

Before European colonization, the land was inhabited by indigenous groups like the Diaguita, Guarani, and Quechua. They developed sophisticated cultures with advanced agricultural practices, arts, and societal structures.

Medieval Period:

Unlike the European medieval era, Argentina’s medieval period reflects the period of Spanish colonization, initiated by the arrival of Spanish explorers in the early 16th century. This led to conflicts with indigenous communities, the establishment of settlements, and the influence of Spanish culture.

Modern Era:

Argentina declared independence from Spain in 1816 after a period of revolutionary movements. The nation struggled with internal political conflicts, including federalism versus centralism, military coups, and struggles for economic stability. Waves of immigration from Europe significantly impacted the country’s demographics and culture.

Recent History:

Argentina faced periods of political unrest, including dictatorships and democratic transitions throughout the 20th century. The late 20th century brought a return to democracy, marked by efforts to address human rights abuses and societal healing. The country has navigated economic challenges, including fluctuations and crises, shaping its contemporary political and socio-economic landscape.

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