Rajasthan is a state in northern India. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of the country, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the “Rajasthan Desert” and “Great Indian Desert”) and shares a border with the Pakistan province of Punjab to the northwest. Elsewhere, the state is bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest.
Rajasthan is India’s largest producer of edible oils, milk and dry fruits, and the second-largest producer of wheat and pulses. The state has a large livestock population. Dairy farming and wool production are the main agricultural activities in the state. Rajasthan is the second-biggest wool producer in India. Minerals mined in the state include copper, lead, zinc, asbestos, feldspar, marble, sandstone and limestone. Rajasthan is the main producer of boron in India.
The state has a tropical climate, with hot summers and cool winters. The average annual rainfall is between 36 and 40 inches (920 and 1,000 mm). June and July are the hottest months, when temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F). Jebel Phlains, Mount Abu and Kumbhalgarh are the main hill stations in the state.
Rajasthan is home to three national tiger reserves, the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar district, the Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur district and the Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve in Kota district. The state also has four bird sanctuaries, the Phoenicopterus minor sanctuary in Bharatpur, the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, the Sariska Bird Sanctuary in Alwar and the Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur.
10 important briefs of Rajasthan
1. The Geography of Rajasthan: Rajasthan is a state located in the northwest of India. It covers an area of 342,239 square kilometers (132,139 square miles), making it the largest state in India in terms of area. The state is bordered by Pakistan to the west, the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, and Gujarat to the southwest. The city of Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan.
2. The History of Rajasthan: Rajasthan has a long and rich history dating back to ancient times. The region was once part of the Mauryan Empire (c. 321–184 BCE) and later the Gupta Empire (c. 320–550 CE). Rajasthan was also ruled by a number of other powerful dynasties, including the Rajputs, who ruled from the 8th to the 18th century.
3. The People of Rajasthan: More than 82 million people live in Rajasthan, making it the eighth most populous state in India. The majority of the population is Hindu, with Muslims accounting for around 14% of the total. Other religious minorities include Sikhs, Christians, and Jains.
4. The Languages of Rajasthan: Hindi is the official language of Rajasthan and is spoken by the majority of the population. Other languages spoken in the state include Rajasthani, Punjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati, and Marwari.
5. The Culture of Rajasthan: Rajasthan is famous for its vibrant culture, which is a blend of Rajput, Mughal, and Hindu traditions. The state is home to a number of historical and architectural sites, including the forts and palaces of Rajasthan, which are a popular tourist destination. Rajasthan is also known for its traditional arts and crafts, such as block printing, carpet making, and tie-dyeing.
6. The Economy of Rajasthan: Rajasthan is one of the most economically prosperous states in India. Its GDP was estimated at US$163 billion in 2016, making it the tenth largest state economy in India. The state is rich in mineral resources, and its mining and tourism industries are well-developed. Rajasthan is also one of the largest agricultural states in India, with crops such as wheat, barley, and oilseeds being grown in large quantities.
7. The Education in Rajasthan: Rajasthan has a literacy rate of around 67%. The state has a number of universities and colleges, including the University of Rajasthan, which is the largest university in the state. Rajasthan also has a number of schools, both public and private, which cater to the needs of the state’s large population.
8. The Rajasthan High Court: The Rajasthan High Court is the highest court in the state of Rajasthan. It is located in the city of Jodhpur. The court has a sanctioned strength of 62 judges, which includes the Chief Justice.
9. The Rajasthan Assembly: The Rajasthan Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the state of Rajasthan. The Assembly is composed of 200 members, who are elected by the people of Rajasthan in general elections. The Assembly elects the Chief Minister of Rajasthan, who then heads the Council of Ministers.
10. The Government of Rajasthan: The Government of Rajasthan is the governing body of the state of Rajasthan. The Government is headed by the Chief Minister, who is elected by the members of the Rajasthan Assembly. The Council of Ministers is the executive branch of the Government, and is responsible for the administration of the state.
Introduction to Rajasthan
Rajasthan, the land of the kings, is the largest state of India in terms of area. It is a land of immense diversity, with a rich history and culture. The state is home to some of the most beautiful architecture, stunning temples, and stunning forts. It is also home to a variety of wildlife, including the rare tigers. Rajasthan is a must-visit for any traveler to India.Click here for Notes on Introduction to Rajasthan
Prominent cities of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a state located in the northwest of India. It is the largest state in the country andKnown for its rich culture and history. The capital city of Rajasthan is Jaipur. Other prominent cities in Rajasthan include Jodhpur, Udaipur, and Jaisalmer. Rajasthan is home to some of the most beautiful architecture and landscapes in the country. It is a popular tourist destination for both Indian and international tourists.Click here for Notes on Prominent Cities of Rajasthan
History of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a state in Northwestern India. It is the largest (area-wise) state in India and known for its rich culture and history. The history of Rajasthan dates back to ancient times. The state has been ruled by various dynasties over the centuries, and has also been a part of several powerful empires, including the Maurya Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Empire of Harsha, the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. Rajasthan has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its traditional arts and crafts. The state is also home to some of India’s most iconic landmarks, including the Taj Mahal, the Qutub Minar and the Amer Fort.Click here for Notes on History of Rajasthan
History of Bikaner in Rajasthan
Bikaner is a city in the northwest of Rajasthan, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bikaner District and Bikaner Division. The city was founded by Rao Bika in 1488 and was the capital of the former princely state of Bikaner. The state was founded in 1465 by Rao Bika, son of Rao Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur. Bikaner is home to the Camel Corps and the world-renowned Bikaneri sweets. The city is also known for its traditional arts and crafts, such as block printing, pottery, and lacquer work.Click here for Notes on History of Bikaner in Rajasthan
History of Marwar in Rajasthan
The Marwar region of Rajasthan has a long and rich history. The region was once home to a number of kingdoms and empires, and has been a key part of the history of India. Marwar has been ruled by a number of dynasties, including the Rajputs, the Mughals, and the British. The region has also been home to a number of famous historical figures, including Maharana Pratap and Jai Singh II. Marwar has a long and rich cultural heritage, and is well-known for its arts, literature, and architecture.Click here for Notes on History of Marwar in Rajasthan
Rajputs Era in Rajasthan
The Rajputs were a Hindu warrior caste that ruled over Rajasthan for centuries. They were known for their bravery and their chivalry, and their legacy is still evident in the state today. Rajasthan is littered with Rajput forts and palaces, and the Rajputs era is still considered one of the golden ages in the state’s history.Click here for Notes on Rajputs Era in Rajasthan
History of Rathore Dynasty in Rajasthan
The Rathore dynasty was founded in Rajasthan in the 8th century by Rao Rathore. The dynasty ruled Rajasthan for over a thousand years, and its members were some of the most powerful rulers in medieval India. The Rathores were great warriors and patrons of the arts, and their empire was renowned for its prosperity and stability. The dynasty declined in the 18th century, but its members continued to play an important role in Indian politics and society.Click here for Notes on History of Rathore Dynasty in Rajasthan
Gurjar Pratihar dynasty in Rajasthan
Located in present-day Rajasthan, the Gurjar Pratihar dynasty was a Rajput Hindu dynasty that ruled from the 8th to the 10th century. The dynasty was founded by Nagabhata I, who rose to prominence in the mid-8th century after defeating the Arab invaders of India. Under the rule of the Gurjar Pratihar dynasty, Rajasthan flourished as a major center of art and culture. The Gurjar Pratihar dynasty came to an end in the 10th century after being defeated by the Chauhan dynasty.Click here for Notes on Gurjar Pratihar dynasty in Rajasthan
History of Chauhan Dynasty in Rajasthan
The Chauhan dynasty was a Rajput dynasty that ruled parts of present-day India between the 5th and 12th centuries. The Chauhans were known for their valor and their fight against the Muslim invasions of India. The Chauhan dynasty was founded by Chandragupta Chauhan, who was a vassal of the Guptas. The Chauhans ruled from their capital at Ajmer.
The Chauhan dynasty came to an end in the 12th century, when the last Chauhan ruler,Prithviraj Chauhan, was defeated by the invading Muslim armies of Mahmud of Ghazni.
History of Mewar in Rajasthan
Mewar is a historical region in India. It is located in the modern-day state of Rajasthan. The region was a princely state during the British Raj. The capital of Mewar was Udaipur. The state of Mewar was founded in the 5th century by the Guhilot dynasty. The region was ruled by a succession of Hindu dynasties until the 14th century. The Muslim rulers of Delhi invaded Mewar in the 14th century. The region was ruled by the Muslim rulers of Delhi for over a century. In 1568, the ruler of Mewar, Maharana Udai Singh, founded the city of Udaipur. The Mewar region was a princely state of the British Raj from 1818 to 1947. Maharana Arvind Singh was the last ruler of Mewar. After the independence of India in 1947, Mewar became a part of the state of Rajasthan.Click here for Notes on History of Mewar in Rajasthan