Sikkim is a state located in the northeastern region of India, and is known for its natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and unique history. Here is a brief overview of some of the essential information that is useful for students preparing for government jobs competitive exams:
- History: Sikkim has a rich and unique history, with evidence of human settlement dating back to the medieval period. The state was ruled by several powerful dynasties, including the Namgyal dynasty, which ruled Sikkim for several centuries. Sikkim was an independent monarchy until 1975 when it voted to merge with India. The Chogyals of the Namgyal dynasty ruled Sikkim from the 17th century until 1975.
- Geography: Sikkim is the second smallest state in India and is bordered by Bhutan, Nepal, and the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam. The state is known for its mountainous terrain and stunning natural beauty, including the Himalayan mountains, glaciers, and rivers.
- Political: Sikkim is a parliamentary democracy and follows the Indian constitution. The state has a multi-party system and is divided into four districts. The British had a strong presence in Sikkim in the 19th century and played a role in the politics of the state. Sikkim is governed by a governor and a unicameral legislature.
- The state has one seat in the Indian Rajya Sabha and one seat in the Lok Sabha. The ruling party in Sikkim is the Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (SKM). The state has a high level of autonomy, with several important subjects such as forests, water, and land management being under the control of the state government.
- Economy: Sikkim is primarily an agricultural state, with rice, maize, and cardamom being the main crops. The state is also home to several industrial and tourism hubs, including Gangtok, the capital city.
- Culture: Sikkim has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its unique festivals, traditional music and dance forms, and local cuisines. The state is also famous for its Buddhist monasteries, including the Pemayangtse Monastery.
- Demographics: Sikkim has a population of over 630,000 people and is known for its diverse linguistic and religious heritage. The state is home to several major languages, including Nepali, Bhutia, and Lepcha.
- The state is home to the third-highest peak in the world, Kangchenjunga, as well as many other peaks, glaciers, and alpine meadows. The state is also home to the Teesta and Rangeet rivers which provide hydroelectric power to the state.
- Education: Sikkim has a literacy rate of around 82%, and the state has several universities and colleges, including the Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology.