Manipur is a state in northeastern India, bordered by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west as well as the country of Myanmar. Manipur was formed on 21 January 1972 as the 23rd state of India.
Manipur has a rich history and was once an independent kingdom, before becoming a princely state under British rule. After India’s independence in 1947, Manipur became a state in the Indian Union. The capital of Manipur is Imphal, which is also its largest city. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 2.7 million people.
Manipur has a rich history dating back to ancient times. The state was ruled by various dynasties such as the Kangleipak, Meitei, and British.
Geographically, Manipur is situated in a valley surrounded by hills and is known for its scenic beauty. The state is home to several important rivers, including the Imphal River and the Barak River. Manipur is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the Sangai deer, which is a state animal. The state is known for its rich wildlife and is home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, including the Keibul Lamjao National Park and the Sirohi National Park.
Politically, Manipur is a parliamentary democracy and follows the Indian constitution. The state is divided into 9 districts and has a multi-party system. Manipur is governed by a unicameral legislature and its politics is mainly dominated by the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Culturally, Manipur is rich in traditions and is known for its dances, music, and handicrafts. The state is also famous for its martial arts, including the indigenous sport of “Sallong.” Manipur has a diverse cultural heritage, with influences from various ethnic groups such as the Meitei, Kuki, and Naga.
Basic points for revision are :
- History: Manipur was an independent kingdom until the late 19th century and was later ruled by the British as a princely state. After India’s independence in 1947, it became a state in the Indian Union.
- Geography: Manipur is located in the northeastern region of India and is known for its scenic beauty. It is surrounded by hills and is home to several important rivers, including the Imphal River and the Barak River.
- Political: Manipur is a parliamentary democracy following the Indian constitution and has a multi-party system. The state is divided into 9 districts.
- Economy: Manipur’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, forestry, handicrafts, and tourism. Major crops grown in the state include rice, maize, and vegetables.
- Culture: Manipur has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its dances, music, martial arts, and handicrafts. The state is famous for its indigenous sport of “Sallong.”
- Demographics: Manipur has a population of over 2.7 million people and is home to several ethnic groups, including Meitei, Kuki, Naga, and Pangal. The state is known for its diverse linguistic and religious heritage.
- Education: Manipur has a literacy rate of around 80%, and the state has several universities, including Manipur University and the National Institute of Technology, Manipur.