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Haryana is a state located in the northern region of India, known for its rich cultural heritage, historical significance, and modern urban development. It is the 17th largest state in India by area and has its capital at Chandigarh. Haryana’s largest city is Faridabad. Haryana was formed on 1 November 1966 as the 17th state of India and it was formed from the partition of Punjab state.

The state is bordered by the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Himachal Pradesh and shares its northern boundary with the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The state covers an area of 44,212 square kilometers and is the 17th largest state in India by area.

Haryana is primarily an agricultural state, with agriculture being the main source of livelihood for a large portion of its population.

Haryana has a rich history, dating back to ancient times when it was a part of the Indus Valley Civilization.

The state was an important center of power during the rule of the Pandavas and the Kauravas in the Mahabharata.

The state was ruled by several powerful empires and dynasties, including the Maurya, Gupta, and Mughal Empires.

Haryana played a significant role in the Indian independence movement, with leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad hailing from the state.

The state is known for its rich cultural heritage, with various festivals and traditions being celebrated throughout the year. Haryana is also known for its modern urban development, with several cities in the state being major industrial, educational, and cultural hubs.

Haryana is known for its rich cultural heritage, with various tribes and ethnic groups residing in the state, each with its own unique customs and traditions. The state is also known for its rich biodiversity and the famous Sarus Crane bird is found in Haryana.

In recent years, Haryana has been affected by political instability, corruption, and law and order issues. However, the state has taken several steps to improve its infrastructure, education, and healthcare systems, making it one of the fastest-developing states in India.

The politics of Haryana is mainly dominated by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress (INC). The state is governed by a unicameral legislature, with the Chief Minister being the head of the government.

Overall, Haryana is an important state in India, with a rich history, cultural heritage, and modern urban development. It is a must-know state for those appearing for competitive exams and quizzes.