Mizoram, one of the Seven Sister States of North-East India, is a mountainous state situated in the northeastern region of India. It is bordered by Myanmar to the east, Bangladesh to the west, and the Indian states of Tripura, Assam, and Manipur.
Mizoram is a state located in northeastern India known for its scenic beauty and rich cultural heritage. Here is brief information that is useful for students preparing for government jobs competitive exams:
- History: Mizoram was a part of Assam until 1972, when it became a separate state. The state was previously known as Lushai Hills and has a rich history dating back to the 16th century. Mizoram was a part of the British India’s Assam province and was known as Lushai Hills district. In the early 20th century, Mizo tribal leaders began to demand more autonomy and self-rule. Mizoram became a Union Territory on 21 January 1972 and a state on 20 February 1987.
- Geography: Mizoram is located in the northeastern region of India and is known for its scenic beauty. It is surrounded by hills and is home to several important rivers, including the Barak River and the Tlawng River. The state is also known for its biodiversity and is home to several important wildlife sanctuaries, including the Dampa Wildlife Sanctuary. Mizoram has a total area of 21,081 square kilometers. The state has a varied topography, with the majority of the land being hilly terrain.
- Political: Mizoram is a parliamentary democracy and follows the Indian constitution. The state is divided into 8 districts and has a multi-party system. The Governor of Mizoram is the constitutional head of the state while the Chief Minister is the head of government. The unicameral legislative assembly, known as the Mizoram Legislative Assembly, has 40 seats. The state sends one member to the Rajya Sabha and one member to the Lok Sabha.
- Economy: Mizoram’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, forestry, and tourism. Major crops grown in the state include rice, maize, and vegetables. The state is also known for its handicrafts and traditional textiles.
- Culture: Mizoram has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its dances, music, and festivals. The state is home to several ethnic groups, including the Mizo, Hmar, and Lai tribes.
- Demographics: Mizoram has a population of over 1 million people and is known for its diverse linguistic and religious heritage. The state is home to several major languages, including English, Mizo, and Hmar.
- Education: Mizoram has a literacy rate of around 91%, and the state has several universities, including Mizoram University and the National Institute of Technology, Mizoram.